Opportunities in Protection Materials Science and Technology for Future Army Applications

Opportunities in Protection Materials Science and Technology for Future Army Applications

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  • Author: National Research Council
  • Publisher: National Academies Press
  • ISBN: 0309212855
  • Category : Technology & Engineering
  • Languages : en
  • Pages : 176

Armor plays a significant role in the protection of warriors. During the course of history, the introduction of new materials and improvements in the materials already used to construct armor has led to better protection and a reduction in the weight of the armor. But even with such advances in materials, the weight of the armor required to manage threats of ever-increasing destructive capability presents a huge challenge. Opportunities in Protection Materials Science and Technology for Future Army Applications explores the current theoretical and experimental understanding of the key issues surrounding protection materials, identifies the major challenges and technical gaps for developing the future generation of lightweight protection materials, and recommends a path forward for their development. It examines multiscale shockwave energy transfer mechanisms and experimental approaches for their characterization over short timescales, as well as multiscale modeling techniques to predict mechanisms for dissipating energy. The report also considers exemplary threats and design philosophy for the three key applications of armor systems: (1) personnel protection, including body armor and helmets, (2) vehicle armor, and (3) transparent armor. Opportunities in Protection Materials Science and Technology for Future Army Applications recommends that the Department of Defense (DoD) establish a defense initiative for protection materials by design (PMD), with associated funding lines for basic and applied research. The PMD initiative should include a combination of computational, experimental, and materials testing, characterization, and processing research conducted by government, industry, and academia.


Materials Research and Applications

Materials Research and Applications

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  • Author: Djalal Trache
  • Publisher: Springer Nature
  • ISBN: 9811592233
  • Category : Technology & Engineering
  • Languages : en
  • Pages : 312

This highly informative and carefully presented book discusses the synthesis, processing, characterization and applications of different types of materials. It provides an overview of recent advances in the areas of materials research and engineering and highlights a wide range of significant recent results in energetic materials, bio-based materials, ceramics, nanomaterials, among others, and their use for emerging applications. The contents of this book are relevant to researchers in academia and industry professionals working on the development of advanced materials and their applications.


Materials Science and Engineering: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

Materials Science and Engineering: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

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  • Author: Management Association, Information Resources
  • Publisher: IGI Global
  • ISBN: 1522517995
  • Category : Technology & Engineering
  • Languages : en
  • Pages : 1804

The design and study of materials is a pivotal component to new discoveries in the various fields of science and technology. By better understanding the components and structures of materials, researchers can increase its applications across different industries. Materials Science and Engineering: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications is a compendium of the latest academic material on investigations, technologies, and techniques pertaining to analyzing the synthesis and design of new materials. Through its broad and extensive coverage on a variety of crucial topics, such as nanomaterials, biomaterials, and relevant computational methods, this multi-volume work is an essential reference source for engineers, academics, researchers, students, professionals, and practitioners seeking innovative perspectives in the field of materials science and engineering.


Applications of Space Flight in Materials Science and Technology

Applications of Space Flight in Materials Science and Technology

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  • Author: Elio Passaglia
  • Publisher:
  • ISBN:
  • Category : Space industrialization
  • Languages : en
  • Pages : 120


Nanoscale Materials and Modeling--relations Among Processing, Microstructure and Mechanical Properties

Nanoscale Materials and Modeling--relations Among Processing, Microstructure and Mechanical Properties

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  • Author: Materials Research Society. Meeting
  • Publisher:
  • ISBN:
  • Category : Nanostructured materials
  • Languages : en
  • Pages : 400

The 55 papers in this collection from the April 2004 symposium study processing methods for nanostructured materials, internal stress and the physics of strengthening mechanisms at the nanoscale, and the mechanical properties of nanoscale materials. Each of the six parts presents experimental contributions first, followed by papers describing related modeling and simulation. Topics include the effect of gold films electrodeposited on nickel substrates, microstructural refinement in copper solid solutions by machining, the synthesis of zeolite as ordered multi-crystal arrays, the elevated temperature mechanical properties of devitrified metallic glass, and improved fracture toughness in advanced nanocrystalline ceramic composites. Annotation : 2004 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com).


Scanning Probe Microscopy for Energy Research

Scanning Probe Microscopy for Energy Research

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  • Author: Dawn A Bonnell
  • Publisher: World Scientific
  • ISBN: 9814434728
  • Category : Science
  • Languages : en
  • Pages : 640

Efficiency and life time of solar cells, energy and power density of the batteries, and costs of the fuel cells alike cannot be improved unless the complex electronic, optoelectronic, and ionic mechanisms underpinning operation of these materials and devices are understood on the nanometer level of individual defects. Only by probing these phenomena locally can we hope to link materials structure and functionality, thus opening pathway for predictive modeling and synthesis. While structures of these materials are now accessible on length scales from macroscopic to atomic, their functionality has remained Terra Incognitae. In this volume, we provide a summary of recent advances in scanning probe microscopy studies of local functionality of energy materials and devices ranging from photovoltaics to batteries, fuel cells, and energy harvesting systems. Recently emergent SPM modes and combined SPM-electron microscopy approaches are also discussed. Contributions by internationally renowned leaders in the field describe the frontiers in this important field. Contents:Introduction:Local Probes in the Next Decade of Energy Research: Bridging Macroscopic and Atomic Worlds (D A Bonnell and S V Kalinin)Scanning Probes for Energy Harvesting Systems: Photovoltaics and Solar Cells:Electrical Scanning Probe Microscopy on Solar Cell Materials (R Giridharagopal, G E Rayermann and D S Ginger)Organic Solar Cell Materials and Devices Characterized by Conductive and Photoconductive Atomic Force Microscopy (X-D Dang, M Guide and T-Q Nguyen)Kelvin Probe Force Microscopy for Solar Cell Applications (T Glatzel)Reversible Rectification in Sub-Monolayer Molecular P-N Junctions: Towards Nanoscale Photovoltaic Studies (J A Smerdon, N C Giebink and J R Guest)Study of Photoinduced Charges with Atomic Force Microscopy (M Dokukin, N Guz and I Sokolov)Imaging of Nanoscale Photogenerated Charge Transport in Organic Photovoltaic Materials (B Hamadani, P M Haney and N B Zhitenev)Photoassisted Kelvin Probe Force Microscopy for Characterization of Solar Cell Materials (T Takahashi)Scanning Probes for Fuel Cells and Local Electrochemistry:Electrochemical Strain Microscopy of Oxygen-Ion Conductors: Fuel Cells and Oxide Electronics (A Kumar, S Jesse, S V Kalinin, F Ciucci and A Morozovska)Ion Dynamics in Nanoscopic Subvolumes of Solid Electrolytes Analysed by Electrostatic Force Spectroscopy (A Schirmeisen and B Roling)Nanoscale Electrochemistry in Energy Related Systems Using Atomic Force Microscopy (W Lee, M H Lee, R P O'Hayre and F B Prinz)Scanning Probe Microscopy of Fuel Cell Materials Under Realistic Operating Conditions (S S Nonnenmann and D A Bonnell)Scanning Probe Microscopy of Energy Storage Materials and Devices:In situ SPM Analysis of Interfacial Phenomena in Lithium-Ion Batteries (M Inaba, S-K Jeong and Z Ogumi)Conducting-Probe Atomic Force Microscopy of Electrochemical Interfaces (P A Veneman and K J Stevenson)Electrochemical Strain Microscopy of Li-ion and Li-air Battery Materials (T M Arruda, N Balke, S Jesse and S V Kalinin)Emerging Scanning Probe Techniques:High Sensitivity Scanning Impedance Microscopy and Spectroscopy (S S Nonnenmann, X Chen and D A Bonnell)Scanning Microwave Microscopy: Advances in Quantitative Capacitance and Carrier Density Measurements at the Nanometer Scale (S Wu, F Kienberger and H Tanbakuchi)Mapping Electrochemistry at the Micro and Nanoscales with Scanning Ion Conductance Microscopy (C Laslau, D E Williams and J Travas-Sejdic)Force Microscopy, Nanochemistry and Nanofabrication (R Garcia, M Chiesa and Y K Ryu)Studying the Mechanism of Piezoelectric Nanogenerators (J Song and Z L Wang) Readership: Students, professionals and researchers in materials science, nanomaterials and new materials. Keywords:Energy Materials;Scanning Probe Microscopy;Fuel Cells;Photovoltaics;Batteries;Solar CellsKey Features:A first broad overview of SPM for energy materials and devicesWritten by world leaders in scanning probe microscopyContains both applications of established SPM techniques as well as overview of novel emergent methods and addresses applications in all major arenas of energy: alternative energy generation, energy harvesting, and storage


Modern Physical Chemistry: Engineering Models, Materials, and Methods with Applications

Modern Physical Chemistry: Engineering Models, Materials, and Methods with Applications

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  • Author: Reza K. Haghi
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 1351389645
  • Category : Science
  • Languages : en
  • Pages : 488

This volume brings together innovative research, new concepts, and novel developments in the application of new tools for chemical engineers. It presents significant research, reporting on new methodologies and important applications in the field of chemical engineering. Highlighting theoretical foundations, real-world cases, and future directions, this book covers selected topics in a variety of areas, including: chemoinformatics and computational chemistry advanced dielectric materials nanotechniques polymer composites It also presents several advanced case studies. The topics discussed in this volume will be valuable for researchers, practitioners, professionals, and students of chemistry material and chemical engineering.


Materials Research Centres

Materials Research Centres

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  • Author: Eric Mitchell
  • Publisher: Longman Publishing Group
  • ISBN:
  • Category : Materials
  • Languages : en
  • Pages : 654


Engineering Materials

Engineering Materials

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  • Author: K.M. Gupta
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • ISBN: 1482257971
  • Category : Science
  • Languages : en
  • Pages : 636

Introduces Emerging Engineering Materials Mechanical, materials, and production engineering students can greatly benefit from Engineering Materials: Research, Applications and Advances. This text focuses heavily on research, and fills a need for current information on the science, processes, and applications in the field. Beginning with a brief overview, the book provides a historical and modern perspective on material science, and describes various types of engineering materials. It examines the industrial process for emerging materials, determines practical use under a wide range of conditions, and establishes what is needed to produce a new generation of materials. Covers Basic Concepts and Practical Applications The book consists of 18 chapters and covers a variety of topics that include functionally graded materials, auxetic materials, whiskers, metallic glasses, biocomposite materials, nanomaterials, superalloys, superhard materials, shape-memory alloys, and smart materials. The author outlines the latest advancements, including futuristic plastics, sandwich composites, and biodegradable composites, and highlights special kinds of composites, including fire-resistant composites, marine composites, and biomimetics. He also factors in current examples, future prospects, and the latest research underway in materials technology. Contains approximately 160 diagrams and 85 tables Incorporates examples, illustrations, and applications used in a variety of engineering disciplines Includes solved numerical examples and objective questions with answers Engineering Materials: Research, Applications and Advances serves as a textbook and reference for advanced/graduate students in mechanical engineering, materials engineering, production engineering, physics, and chemistry, and relevant researchers and practicing professionals in the field of materials science.


1977 NASA Authorization

1977 NASA Authorization

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  • Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science and Technology. Subcommittee on Space Science and Applications
  • Publisher:
  • ISBN:
  • Category :
  • Languages : en
  • Pages :